Chapter My spouse and i
Introduction to Banking Operations
Following reading this phase, you will be conversant with:
вЂў The Changing Nature of Banking Businesses
вЂў Importance of Consumer Relationship Administration in Banks вЂў Different Types of Products and Services Provided to Customers вЂў Role of Technology in Banking Functions
вЂў Bookkeeping and Repair of Accounts
вЂў The Need for Asset-Liability Management
вЂў Regulatory Framework for Compliance
Banking has prospered in India since the old times. The Rig Privacion mentions indebtedness and some of the earliest dharma shastras put together rates of interest and regulations regulating debts and mortgages. As a result, a cash economy been around in the old Vedic instances. References to money loaning for business reasons are found in the Manu Smriti too. The Jatakas from the Buddhist period, archeological discoveries and the materials relating to it, contain proof of the existence of " SreshthisвЂќ or perhaps bankers. In the beginning, trade guilds acted since bankers the two for receiving deposits and issuing financial loans. In To the south India, particularly, the larger wats or temples served as bankers. The village communes occasionally advanced loans to peasants. Along the way of breakthrough of devices for performing such banking operations throughout the early time, the Vaishyas emerged as being a class of indigenous brokers and вЂhundi' emerged since the earliest sort of bill of exchange in India. These two developments can be viewed as two important attractions in the great Indian banking. Indigenous brokers played a very important role in lending funds for operate and commerce. Every area, big or small, a new Seth, a Shah, a Shroff or maybe a Chettiar, who also performed a number of banking capabilities. Expansion of trade and commerce, both in terms of quantity and geography meant that the concept of financial would just gain more importance. Bank operations gradually transcended via individuals to groups and later on to companies. The commercial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries, can be termed as an important landmark that helped widen the spread of banking businesses. Banking is definitely continuously and dramatically changing over the past few years. In a contemporary economy, banking plays an indispensable role. Banking companies today provide a wider selection and providers and deliver them quicker and more effectively than ever before. But the central function of banking still is still the same вЂ“ mobilizing the savings (deposits and investments) of the overall economy towards expense. While banking did not have a steady and harmonious growth, it appeared and progressed through different phases establishing itself constantly to meet the increasing requires of trade and business. The following вЂcore' areas have got a bearing on the businesses in the bank system. вЂў Changing characteristics of financial operations
вЂў Different types of product or service offered to buyers вЂў Function of technology in bank operations
вЂў Importance of buyer relationship managing in banking companies вЂў Accounting and maintenance of books of accounts вЂў The need for asset-liability management
вЂў Regulatory construction for complying.
Changing nature of banking operations
IN INDIA, THE NATIVE BANKERS PLAYED A VERY IMPORTANT ROLE IN FINANCING MONEY AND FINANCING INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND COMMERCE THROUGH THE MOGHUL PERIOD. DURING THE ENGLISH RULE, THE AGENCY HOUSES CARRIED ON THE BANKING BUSINESS. THE HINDUSTAN BANK WAS THE FIRST LENDER TO BE FOUNDED IN 1779 FOLLOWED BY THE TYPICAL BANK OF INDIA IN 1786. INSIDE THE FIRST HALF THE 19TH HUNDRED YEARS, THE EAST INDIA BUSINESS ESTABLISHED THREE BANKS THE BANK OF BENGAL IN 1809, THE BANK OF BOMBAY IN 1840 AS WELL AS THE BANK OF MADRAS IN 1843, WHICH WERE KNOWN AS " PRESIDENCY BANKING INSTITUTIONS. вЂќ THESE THREE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS WERE AMALGAMATED IN 1920 AND A NEW BANK, THE IMPERIAL LENDER OF INDIA...